Elements of Democracy

There are three elements of beneficial democracy. It is important to note that democracy is not necessarily an effective or beneficial way to govern or to choose. Elections are said to reflect the will of the people. They seldom do that. The quality of democracy determines its effectiveness. To make it good, people need to try to make it good. Each of its elements need to be clearly present, measurably present. Additionally, progress must be clear, and measurable.

The first element of democracy is education. More isn’t better. Better is more. Better is the unifying direction democracy must travel. Its purpose is betterment. First, do no harm. Voting requires that no one is hurt. Trivializing any harm is educational disfunction. Harm is the dictatorial weapon of choice. It is used to subvert the will of the many, for the power of the few. The entirety of history is a case study of how bad an idea that is for humanity, for future generations, and for the environment they all share. Education is like fire. Use it to cook food, and warm friends, but first be careful not to burn the house down.

The second element of democracy is participation. Participation protects others from harm. Democratic participation is how others protect you. Soothing anxiety, and unifying people carries everyone farther. It makes them happier. Don’t forget that they are protecting you, and counting on you to protect them. It takes 1000 people to build an airplane, but only one to knock it from the sky. While one thousand to one is an astounding ratio, the plane crashed anyway. The strength of democracy is in how well it unifies. Can people safely travel in planes? The vote count is not an accurate measure of democratic participation if there is no unification. We are not on an airplane. We are all on a sphere that is falling through space. It is the only place in the universe that supports our being. People have the ability to make it a much better place for other people to live. Other people have our lives in their hands. Democratic participation increases safety and comfort, but it is most easily measured by charting the receding harm.

The third democratic element is money. In a more perfect world money would not be a democratic element because it would only be spent for unification. The academic fields of education, and economics use money wrong. They are failing to distinguish the difference between harm and benefit. More money is considered better, and so is more education. Neither money or education are beneficial because of their amounts. Only money spent on betterment is better, and only education used for betterment is beneficial.

Democracy is a method of making choices. Good choices are not randomly made. They require careful study, and due diligence. Bad choices are catastrophic, but they are preventable. There is a clear window of opportunity available to assure democratic quality control. Real information, enthusiastic participation, and a monetary system that exclusively funds humanity are the elements that allow democracy, and humankind to succeed.

Appropriate Government

Defining appropriate governmental behavior has always become a governmental function. The governors have typically used the power of the government to retain power, and those who wanted to become governors joined the governing establishment to obtain and secure power. That opens the door to corruption of the process, and it impedes the reversal of authoritarian power. Ultimately people are left with a dilemma, two bad choices, an increasingly corrupt government or no government.

There is exactly one environment that all people share for all generations. Effective government unifies to achieve safety and benefit for the body of humanity. Ineffective government divides. It tries to make governmental sycophants safe and prosperous, but since fighting does little to achieve those goals, it heaps perks on what it calls winners. Everyone else loses, and even the winners lose. The king of a junk pile lives on a pile of junk. Divided government fails. It poisons the environment that all people share. People choose to share Earth’s bounty or they exist in despair forever. Which do you choose? Actually, you don’t have a choice if others make it for you.

Government is easily divided by power. Power is of little use in unification. Knowledge is the uniter, but not just any knowledge, only wisdom. This place that we will all share forever is precious. It can only support happy healthy life with the help of its occupants who need to try to protect each other, and all generations. Government that fails to support humanity fails humanity.

A legitimate constitution is a direction, not directions. The language in the US constitution preamble clearly points a certain direction, toward a more perfect union. As people learn more they need to make minor changes to stay on course. To travel a direction progress is a requirement. Government cannot be stagnant. The constitutional direction is toward unification. Divisions must me healed the only way divisions can be healed, with kindness, and wisdom.

Constitutions are drafted to define and limit governmental behavior, and define appropriate behavior for citizens. Governments have historically been constructed with sufficient power to control people. Democracy is an attempt at giving people a way to control government. Laws made must be constitutional. How they are enforced must be constitutional. There is a corrupting erosion on government that increases when government’s control over making law, interpreting it, and enforcing it divides its citizens.

People are primarily governed by reality. What they do makes a difference. History provides an educational opportunity that allows learning. Repeating mistakes has natural consequences that can be avoided by not repeating them. Defining what mistakes are is important, and watching to make sure the path forward is safe just makes sense. Who would drive their car with their eyes shut?

It is important to learn about reality. People often do harmful things because they don’t understand the consequences. They believe a harmful behavior is ok, or even admirable. Harm hides easily in complexity. Effective education identifies danger to avoid both accidental harm, and subversion. The problem with education is that it typically not used to avoid harm and identify danger. Instead it is used to increase power and exert control.

To avoid past mistakes, and to uncover new opportunities people can learn about reality. To avail themselves to learning more about reality, each person must momentarily abandon the comfort of past beliefs. As person gets into a car to get some place. There is a need to focus on avoiding harm, and avoiding danger, Purposely heading the vehicle toward an appropriate destination should be safe and desirable. That is not a reflection on the veracity of what the person believed when they entered the car, but it may or may not affect what they believe when they get out. Learning about reality is a direction, not a goal.

The direction of reality is toward understanding. Few would dispute the fact that it matters what they do. Both harm and benefit are passed from person to person, place to place, and generation to generation. Avoiding harm provides a benefit that lasts forever. Harmful governance imposes an immense cost on humankind. That cost crosses borders, boundaries, and generations.

The perception of the world changes as people live on it. It was once perceived that good people did good things, and bad people did evil things. Serving God made people deserving of much, and those who didn’t serve God were to blame for terrible things such as famine, disease, and natural disaster. The good folks were constantly doing battle with those they considered bad, and the outcome was never ideal for either side. Locations and generations were left scarred. The conflict itself damaged the earth as a human habitat, and it damaged the people who still inhabit it today.

There is only one habitat for humanity, and it is harmful to fight over it. Benefit is cooperatively achievable. That basic knowledge is the foundation of civility. The power of government lies in the cooperation of its people. Compelling them is problematic in that it does harm that sabotages benefit. Governmental effectiveness stems from education, and it is repelled by dictation.


Divided government is dictatorship by a powerful faction. Defining appropriate governmental behavior has always wrongly become a governmental function with dictatorial repercussions. The governors have typically used the power of the government to retain power, and those who wanted to become governors joined the governing establishment to obtain and secure power. That opens the door to corruption of the process, and it impedes the reversal of that process. Ultimately people are left with a dilemma, two bad choices, an increasingly corrupt dictatorial government or no government. It is the governed who are harmed by dictators. It is the governed alone who have legitimate power to direct governmental behavior by insisting that it first does no harm.

There is exactly one environment that all people share for all generations. Effective government unifies people to achieve safety and benefit for the body of humanity. Ineffective government divides. It tries to make governmental sycophants safe, and prosperous, but since fighting does little to achieve those goals, it heaps perks on what it calls winners. Everyone else loses, and even the winners lose. The king of a junk pile lives on a pile of junk. Divided government fails. It poisons the environment that all people live in. People will choose to share government, die, or live in despair. Which will you choose?

Government is easily divided by power. Power is of little use in unification. It is an ineffective unifier. Knowledge is the uniter, but not just any knowledge, only wisdom. This planet that we will all share forever is precious. It can only support happy healthy life with the help of its occupants. They help by trying to protect each other, and all generations. Government that fails to support humanity fails humanity. Humanity that fails to support unity fails government. Dictatorial governments divide people using deception to keep unifying knowledge from uniting them.

A legitimate constitution is a direction, not directions. The language in the US constitution preamble clearly points a certain direction, toward a more perfect union. As people learn more they need to make minor changes to stay on course. To travel a direction, progress is a requirement. Government cannot be stagnant. The constitutional direction is toward unification. Divisions must me healed the only way divisions can be healed, with kindness, and wisdom. That can only happen in the clear light of unobstructed truth.

Academic Void

I have spent a good deal of my life studying the benefit, and the necessity of humanity protecting itself. Several years ago I gave the unique discipline that I was studying a name, a name that had already been claimed by an academic discipline that is subjectively similar, but is superstitiously based on an entirely different premise. The academic premise is inconsistent with reality. Human attributes determine human possibility. I borrowed the name as concrete strategy to decrease harm in the human environment, and demonstrate the benefit that can be obtained as a direct result of choosing to do so. There is an urgency to use our uniquely human attributes to recognize, to facilitate, and to achieve kindness and competence as a way to improve the quality, and the durability of human existence.

Economics, the academic study, fails to be economic. It fails to separate harm from benefit. It fails to address environmental reality. It fails to acknowledge basic rules of mathematical equivalence. Any one of these conditions should naturally invoke academic skepticism. Why does this happen? Why is there such a lack of curiosity? It makes no sense. People are expected to be opportunistic superstitious sycophants to protect themselves from harm, and to achieve benefit. Of course that doesn’t work. It is not economic. It fails to protect other people, other generations, and the environment that everyone shares. It fails to allow humanity to use its naturally existing physical attributes to protect itself from harm and extinction.

The reason for assuming the name is in itself educational. In clear language it points out the precise difference between what economics naturally is, and the hocus-pocus that spoils the results of antinomic behavior in the presence of reality. People serve humanity, or suffer genetically predetermined consequences for failing to do so. When people serve money, humanity is ignored. Is your paycheck money, or humanity? Money is used wrong. Money must serve humanity, not kleptocrats. Humanity is harmed when academia blocks access to the very facts that are incumbent on it to expose.

People have an economic attribute that is part of their genetic structure, just as hair, bones, and skin are. Both survival and benefit require the help of other people, and other generations. There is exactly one environment. It is smarter to protect it, and share it than to ignore it, or to fight over it. Economics is protection, not failure.

While all of the preceding facts are simple, abundant and clear, it is equally clear why there is a problem. Academia, as it exists, is a monetary sycophant whose purpose is not to serve humanity, but to divide it into groups that subjugate lesser groups and individuals. Inhumane motivators, such as smugness, hate, and fear, blind purpose. They divide it into warring factions that strive for superstitious dominance. The king of a trash pile lives on a pile of junk. Those who support him are rewarded with a little junk, or the promise of some protection not afforded others, maybe. If there is some truth hiding in a thousand lies, How can it be recognized, identified, or believed? As some supporters are elevated, previous supporters are deserted. They desperately squirm into the slime of despair that is the byproduct of inhumanity. They are sub-humanly forgotten along with an environment that could be used to increase the quality of life, and the durability of existence.

By definition, economic force is always in the direction of service and protection, failure is not economic, nor is it effective. Economics puts despair in the past. Why would any humane institution want it in the future?

And The Winner Is:

And the winner is:

Elections pick people to constitutionally serve the union. The purpose of the election is the betterment, and the durability of the union. The rule of law is constitutionally subservient. The constitution is to reflect the will of its citizens. Many of whom can’t speak, are afraid to speak, or can’t be heard. Additionally uninformed, under informed, or superstitious populations often fail to adequately protect themselves, protect others, or protect the union.

There is constitutional direction, toward a more perfect union. Political behavior can only travel toward betterment. Bad behavior is not politic, unwise. Constitutionally bad behavior is either an error in judgement or illegal. Calling behavior that is not politic political is equating benefit and harm. While the distance underwater can be equated with the distance above, clearly the effect is different.

An election is often referred to as a race. A race has a winner. The winner wins influence and the responsibility to use it constitutionally for the benefit of the people, and the qualitative durability of the union. The winner of every election should be the people. Suitable results constitutionally trend toward a more perfect union. The word race is an unfortunate way to describe an election because disgracefully unconstitutional behavior is often referred to as a win. Bad behavior is given respectability by referring to it as winning. The terminology gives false credence to behavior that is neither politic, nor constitutional.

With the expanding population of the US, How does anyone know whether the constitution is doing its job? When its more than 323 million citizens look to institutional leaders for the answer to that question, they will probably become very confused, and they are likely not to find either a quick answer, or an accurate one. Is the Constitution doing its job?

The Constitution doesn’t have a job. It is a document that clearly scribes the instructions for citizenship and institutional behavior. It has sensors to detect progress, and problems. All 323 million of us have access to many of those sensors, and many people have the ability to install more.

A more perfect union is not a constitutional requirement. It is a mandated direction, toward betterment. These are some questions, constitutional sensors, that reveal progress or problems. The questions that you can answer yes indicate progress. Those that you answer no indicate problems. I will only ask three questions here, but there are many more.

Are vulnerable people adequately cared for and protected?

Is the environment we all share being protected and improved?

Do you feel safe, and confident in the future?

To understand what you hear, and to be heard when you speak you can use constitutional sensors. The preceding questions are just three sensors. Make some of your own. Use your own questions. The constitution can do nothing. You can. Question, listen, and speak. Our future depends on it.

The Plague

A problem with education is deciding what to study. What things are important? What should children learn? What should the adults who teach them know? Also it is important to notice things that people are learning unintentionally, things that may not serve them well. Ultimately it is important that people learn truth that propels their behavior away from harm, and toward benefit. After all education is a direction, not an amount. In the grand scheme of things each of us is painfully ignorant, and history is painting a picture of people unnecessarily destroying their own environment, and blaming it on others as if they were evil beings.

Hate, fear, despair, and mistrust are feelings that seem to cause the harmful behavior portrayed in history. Either the feelings, or the behaviors seem to damage the people who have them, those who interact with them, and those who avoid them. It is as if there is a plague that is sickening humanity. There are psychological studies and brain research that indicate that actual brain damage is caused by those feelings, and brain damage often causes sub human behavior.

The harm caused by destructive behavior is carried across boundaries, across borders, and across generations. By definition, benefit has to destroy harm to be beneficial. Harm is easily hidden but it causes sickening feelings that cause inhumane behavior that slimes both locations and generations.

People don’t need formal education to discover what they can clearly see. Once they can see it they can understand it. Satellite imagery shows advancing deserts, and vanishing ice caps. Electron microscopes allow people to understand the microbes that live in their guts. Instrumentation is being developed to increase the knowledge people have access to. Unfortunately there is no device that allows people to understand the plague that is unnecessarily causing humanity to destroy itself.

Education, if it is to educate, must become that device. It can be the tool that clearly illuminates the source of the plague that degrades the quality, and threatens existence of humanity.

Examining the picture of history shows how people are superstitiously blamed for the harm caused by forces that are already painted in their history. Instead of eliminating the harm, they allow slime, food for the plague, to cover their environment. Evil didn’t cause the bubonic plague, and it isn’t causing this one.


Constitution? A constitution offers protection against legislative, and judicial insurrection. Rules have a purpose, a direction. When they are used differently the constitutional guarantee of that protection does not exist, and the document is trash.

Legality is not rule based. It is constitutional guarantee. Rules have a legitimate purpose, to civilize. When they are used differently they are illegitimate. Rules can be constructed wrong, and they can be interpreted wrong.

Throughout the history of humankind rules have often been used illegitimately. The root problem has two branches, how the rules are constructed, and how they are interpreted. A constitution, any constitution is protection against defective construction, and defective interpretation. Constitutional fuel is not effective, if you don’t pour it in the tank.

Constitutionality is comforting. The forces of nature propel it when there is fuel in its tank. When it goes nowhere, or when there is an explosion, those who were trusted to fuel the bus to civilization failed in their duty. The passengers got cheated.


Ponder this before you read the following 1000 word article, or decide not to. Hijacking civilization is ancient history. Why is it still happening? There is almost no chance that it will end well for anyone? Better outcomes are still within reach, but outcomes are the result of inputs. Fanning the flames will not put out the fire that is burning our constitution, Wildfires burn indiscriminately.

Principles or Propositions?

A Constitution is statement of governing principles, or propositions. Principles are truths. Propositions are opinions or beliefs. The foundation of a country should be based on truths, and not opinions or beliefs. Opinions and beliefs divide people, whereas truth is true for everyone. Reality exists, and ignoring that simple fact typically is not a good idea.

Was the US Constitution written to preserve principles, or propositions? We will probably never know, but what we do know is that it is protected as if reality was a foreign concept. Reality is not an umbrella that protects war, injustice, and corruption. The heart of legitimate governance beats for the purpose of applying due diligence to avoid harm and to achieve benefit.

Judges judge the vulnerable harshly; Legal minds study how to circumvent constitutional restrictions; Historians search in vein for good effects of bad behavior in past history; Legislators write complex law to benefit the powerful at the expense of the vulnerable; Politicians plot for advantage; Citizens suffer more, and trust less. All of this happens as if a Constitution was a set of propositions, not truths.

Legitimacy is purposeful. The heart and purpose of the US Constitution precedes any Articles, and comes before any amendments. It precedes judgement and precedence. Failing the purpose of the constitution undermines its legitimacy. It fails to distinguish harm from benefit. In reality harm is harmful. Benefit is beneficial.

Whatever the intentions of the framers, the beating heart of the constitution exists in reality. Its application determines its value. The intent of the framers is irrelevant if the the constitution fails to achieve its purpose. Presumably, each framer had their own opinions and beliefs. The purpose, however, is clearly stated in the preamble, to form a more perfect union. Each right, and each restriction have purpose. In reality more perfection requires less harm. In a more perfect union its citizens respect more, encourage more, and protect better.

There have been many discoveries that have changed our perception of reality in the centuries that passed since the framers crafted the Constitution. The literal interpretation of the language, after the preamble, is based on opinions, and beliefs that vary. The interpretations have a tendency to reflect the mirror image of the intentions of the people who read them. They do not necessarily correspond with the intentional direction that is required by the preamble, toward a more perfect union.

The preamble establishes the direction that everything that flows. Trickery in the legislative bodies doesn’t insure domestic tranquility, it sabotages it. Judgement that does harm will not establish justice, or insure domestic tranquility. Sabotaging voters by inundating them with propaganda doesn’t establish justice, insure tranquility, or promote the general welfare.

There are scientific discoveries that can help understand how to create the environment required in a more perfect union. There are photographs that show how interconnected we are. They show that there is precisely one world with an environment that we can improve, share and pass to coming generations. It is more effective to share than fight. We have learned that much of what people thought was evil was preventable.

Better environmental understanding is required to form a more perfect union. In 1788 the framers either knew, or thought they knew which direction to travel in order to form a more perfect union to establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.

A constitution is of no consequence unless it is applied to reality. Now two hundred-thirty years after the ratification of the US document there is not a lot of evidence that the union is becoming more perfect. Civil unrest, war, injustice, and poverty are just a few of the indicators of failure. While historians ponder the unknowable intentions of the framers, easily predictable bad outcomes emerge, threaten, and disgust. Why?

Thomas Jefferson is supposed to have said that an uneducated populous cannot govern itself. While we are capable of putting a man on the moon, we seem incapable of treating world’s inhabitants humanely, and incapable of protecting our own humanity. We don’t know enough about reality, and out of frustration we fight over beliefs, and opinions. We impugn the humanity of those who don’t agree with us, the bad guys. We deify our heroes, the good guys. Most importantly, however is the despair we heap on ourselves, those we know, and especially those we don’t know.

Jefferson was correct about needing more education, but it is a particular kind of education that will allow the Constitution to do what it was crafted to do. The particular education required is not readily available. When it becomes available, we will acquire better vision. Constitutions can only be read with real light. They only produce credible results when protected from pseudo-political shade.

Economics is how people form a more perfect union. Failure is not economic. It is “antinomic.” Economy makes things better. Spending that ends in failure is not economical. The same is true with education. Learning that fails to produce better behavior is not educational. It is educational failure. A more perfect union requires avoiding economic harm, and educational harm. Constitutionality produces kindness, competence, and credible confidence in its continuance.

We are perfectly capable of forming a more perfect union. A perfect union does no harm. It is incumbent on us to first do no harm. Harming any one is unconstitutional, by definition. It isn’t just. It doesn’t promote tranquility. It is a defensive failure. It doesn’t promote welfare or secure the blessings of liberty, on this, or coming generations. A more perfect union is a constitutional requirement, a long term commitment to avoid harm, and to achieve benefit.

The application of law in the past has used precedence as a tool to make decisions. While equality under the law sounds just. It just doesn’t live up to constitutional standards. “Toward a more perfect union,” indicates movement. The, “Johnny did it, and he didn’t get in trouble.” argument is not a valid excuse to continue to allow harm. If we are to create a more perfect union, the ability to prevent harm needs to exceed the incentive to apply it,.

To coin an old phrase, the clock is ticking. Antique clocks still tick. In 1788 there was plenty of time to form a more perfect union. Four million people occupied the space that 300 million live in now. War was fought with muskets, that fired a single shot, and took five minutes to reload. Now, there are missiles with nuclear warheads. Then, enemies could be seen and identified. Now, the threat comes from anonymous sources to a phone in your pocket. The point is that there is a threat, an urgency. Forming a more perfect union takes time, and we need to begin now.

The Elements of Economic Power

The Elements of Economic Power

Probably since the first people inhabited Earth, they either felt comfortable in the presence of others, or they feared them. They used their resources and talents to increase comfort, and decrease fear, including fear of the unknown. They possessed a somewhat limited ability to to accomplish that. The good news is that econmoic ability has been increasing across generations. That particular ability can be recognized as economic power, the elements of which are analyzed here.

Comfort and fear are individual perceptions. People often take comfort in things they should be fearful of, and they often fear things that pose no threat. They do this with beliefs. People were comfortable sailing on the Titanic. They thought its size would protect them them. The iceberg that sunk it was an indication that beliefs are subordinate to reality. Beliefs, on the other hand offer comfort, and hope. While economic power is real, the perception of power is both imaginary, and unnecessarily harmful.

Reality rules. There is one earth. It is the habitat that humanity shares and improves. The sharing and improving is accomplished using the power humanity has obtained. It makes improvements across borders, and through generations, or it fails to accomplish that. Accomplishment requires economic power. Economic failure is caused by resistance. People have accumulated power across generations. Better outcomes require less resistance.

People are not required to be smart. It is an ability they have. Learning can improve across generations. It is a cooperative effort that loads power, as if it were compressing a spring. More effort, and more cooperation across more time produces more power. More power increases the desirability of the human environment, as well as the capability to sustain it. Economic power is reduced by harm, and erased by death.

Perceived power may be real, but probably not. Economic power can be only be identified by its positive effect on individuals and humanity. Resistance has a negative effect on each person, or on the whole of humanity. Harm to either individuals or humanity reduces the power they have.

Each person, and all people obtain power from other people even other generations. When it is given away it creates comfort and competence. When it is jealously protected it harms the human environment, and the human spirit. It reduces the power of each person, and of all people, as it sucks happiness from their helpless bodies. Trying to hold economic power is resistance that divides humanity against itself. That conflict is costly. It disempowers the inhabitants of this and comming generations.

While the golden rule, fails to explicitly spell out the consequences for failure, it clearly defines the direction to find humanity. Economic power is the ability to travel that direction. Resistance is the steepness of the hill we need to climb. Economic power is not caused by just any any force that propels humanity. It only only ocurs when humanity moves forward, and wasting time steepens the grade.

Reality or Superstition

Reality vs Superstition

Reality, is exactly how things are. As observers we have a certain perspective. Living our lives, we are often surprised to find out that things we thought to be real actually weren’t, and some other things that we doubted, were in fact real. Our perception of reality is based partially on concrete fact, but primarily on what we believe.

Beliefs tend to be based on the local environment. The local environment is just a sliver of the global environment that all people, for all generations either share and improve, or they destroy it by fighting over it. Sharing seems to be an astronomically better idea than fighting.

Fighting reality seems to be a really bad idea, but it is a binary choice. Shall we fight with people to make life miserable and short? Or, shall we care for them to make life satisfyingly sustainable both now and across coming generations. The choice is clearly a simple one. Very few people have so little intellectual capability that they would purposely make the wrong choice.

What is it that people believe that causes them to make poor choices, choices that harm them, their offspring, and the future of humanity? Beliefs that inspire them to choose harm over benefit are based on superstition. The idea that,“Everyone has the right to their own opinion.” is just wrong. Inhumanity is simply a poor choice. People have the ability make poor choices, but it is not their right. It is either a mistake, or a conscious effort to do wrong.

Hate, anger, and fear are emotions that cause people to choose destructive behavior. Those emotions cause direct consequential harm to them, brain damage. It economically harms those in their local environment. The harm is spread to the entire global environment politically, biologically, and physically. What causes those emotions? Applied inhumanity. Choosing inhumanity is an adopted quality, not an inherited one. It is adopted locally, and it spreads harm globally.

Denigrating people is harmful to those who are denigrated, to the denigrators, and to all of humanity. Peace follows earned trust. Making the right choice is the easy part. Emotions that have been damaged by inhumanity can only be cured by humanity. History has dug a deep hole, but the smart choice has always been humanity. In the real world, it is clearly the right choice. Is it yours?